‘Dandruff’ – excessive scaling of the scalp
Dandruff or Sebhorric dermatitis is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp .It is common chronic scalp condition marked by itching and flaking of the skin on your scalp. Sebhorric dermatitis is quite common skin condition that affects the scalp causing an itchy scalp and scaly or flaky skin and stubborn dandruff.Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory,erythematous,and scaling eruptions that occurs primarily in “ seborrehic “areas i.e. those with high number and activity of sebaceous glands ,such as the scalp,face and trunk.
The common symptoms of dandruff includes itching and white ,oily flakes. There are several conditions including psoriasis, dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis, or contact dermatitis , which present similar symptoms. Before beginning treatment for dandruff, it is important to consult the dermatologist to make sure you’re treating the right condition.
- Seborrheic scalp
- Increased oil activity
- Unclean habits- Not shampooing often enough
- Stress and Emotional problem
- Hard shampoos
- Exposure to severe cold
- Sensitivity to hair care products
- Pityrosporum oval organism (yeast)
- Dandruff can almost always be controlled, but dandruff treatment may take a little patience and persistence.
- A daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oiliness and skin cell buildup can often help mild dandruff.
- Dandruff shampoos are classified according to the medication they contain- Shampoo containing salicylic acid; Selenium sulfide shampoos– Can prevent cell turnover and may help control the malassezia fungus. These types of shampoos may discolor blond or gray hair and can cause significant discoloration in chemically treated hair, so follow the directions carefully and rinse well; Ketoconazole shampoo contains a broad antifungal agent; Topical corticosteroid for severe seborrheic dermatitis Creams- two additional types of medication that help seborrhea and cortisone creams and antifungal creams together with medicated shampoos.